Space Innovation/Space TechnologiesSilver
inventor: Lockheed Martin CorporationGOES-R (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite series): meteorological satellite series developed for quality weather forecasting in climate monitoring, ecosystem management, trade, transportation, and travel. Satellite observation area: USA, Western Hemisphere.
First in world meteorological satellite was TIROS 1 (1960, Lockheed Martin).
First in the series, satellite GOES-R (named GOES-16) was launched on 19-11-2016 to take its geostationary orbit position.
Second in the series, satellite GOES-S was launched on 2018-03-01.
Further members of the series as planned: satellites GOES-T, GOES-U.
Technically, satellite series GOES-R is based on A2100 communications spacecraft model originally designed for 15 years of circulation time.
Members of satellite series GOES-R each, are provided with duplicates of instruments for sensing-measuring in three directions (direction of Earth, direction of Sun, direction of Environment). These instruments are:
1. solar ultraviolet imager,
2. geostationary lightning-mapper,
3. magnetometer data collector.
inventor: Neurala Inc.
Neurala Brains for Bots SDK - Neurala’s Lifelong Deep Neural Network (L-DNN)™ : bio-inspired artificial intelligence software and a simple camera for machine learning.
Its application can teach industrial cameras, robots, drones, electronic toys, diverse electronics, self-driving cars (...) to identify, localize and real-time track target people, animals and objects.
A Neurala Brain Technology a NASA és a U.S. Air Force részére fejlesztett korábbi technológiára épül.
Examples of implementation:
1. livestock protection, recognition of poachers,2. finding missing persons,
3. control of electric power lines' insulation, corrosion,
4. hobby photography,
5. driving assistance in car.
WO2017189859 (A1): METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PRUNING EXPERIENCE MEMORIES FOR DEEP NEURAL NETWORK-BASED Q-LEARNING
Health & Wellness/Hearing Enhancement
inventor: Earlens Corporation
Earlens device, an opto-coupled hearing aid composed of:
* a processor converting incoming sound into optical light,
* a light source associated with the processor,
* a "lens" for converting optical light into mechanical vibration.
The "lens" in a customized formulation is placed by an ear nose specialist, directly on the eardrum surface for stable stay there (> maintained by liquid surface tension).
During its operation, the processor placed behind the auricle converts the recorded sound into optical light, then the processor associated light source positioned in the ear canal emits the corresponding light signals. The emitted light signals are projected onto the transducer called "lens" placed on the eardrum surface to give rise to mechanical vibrations there. (The description does not define the level of hearing damage to be improved by the device. Nevertheless, the operation suggests that integrity of the auditory ossicles and the inner ear, their impulse receiving and forwarding abilities are indispensable.)
Compared to preceding audio-solutions, the method described offers broader hearing spectrum (audio-solution based hearing spectrum of cca. 1kHz - 4 kHz, opto-coupled hearing spectrum of cca. 100 Hz - 10 kHz).
The processor with rechargeable batteries and the associated light source, after adjustment on demand, automatically adjust to ambient noise levels.
The fundamental defect of hearing aids based on audio impulses, the frequency-related noise (whistles), can be successfully excluded.
WO2018048794A1: Contact hearing systems, apparatus and methods
inventor: Ohio State University
Wexner Medical Center
Supported by experimental in vivo - in vitro results, Tissue Nanotransfection Technology is an in situ direct, simple regenerative cell conversion (reprogramming of cells) performed with the help of silicon chip, without the need for carrier virus sequences.
The chip is loaded with DNA and/or RNA and/or proteins (of signalling pathways, transcription factors...) as demanded for target regenerative cell conversion, target cell reprogramming (e.g. injury-related deficiencies in the skin, skin deficiencies related to chronic diseases...). Upon touching target tissue surfaces with the chip loaded as above, short lived current impulses open nanochannels in target cell membranes (NEP = 3D nanochannel electroporation; precise, dosage-controlled, deterministic single cell transfection). These transitory nanochannels serve as entrance for macromolecules (DNA, RNA, proteins) to initiate target regeneration, the adaptive reprograming of cell(s).
According to recent experimental data, the technology is also applicable in regeneration of other tissues, too (e.g. neuronal cells grown on skin surface of experimental mice >>> isolation of neuronal cell population from skin surface >>> injection into injured brain area of the host >>> regain of brain functions in the injured area).
Gallego-Perez D. et al. (+24) (2016):Deterministic Transfection Drives Efficient Nonviral Reprogramming and Uncovers Reprogramming Barriers
|PHYSIOLOGY - MEDICINE|
James P. ALLISON (USA) 1/2
TASUKU HONJO (Japan) 1/2
Arthur ASHKIN (USA) 1/2
Gérard MOUROU (France,USA) 1/4
Donna STRICKLAND (Canada) 1/4
Denis MUKWEGE (Congo) 1/2Nadia MURAD (Iraque) 1/2
"for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict."
Frances H. ARNOLD (USA) 1/2
George P. SMITH (USA) 1/4
Sir Gregory P. WINTER (UK) 1/4
William D. NORDHAUS (USA)
Paul M. ROMER (USA)